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    The VAR Review: Should Man United’s Maguire have been sent off?


    Video Assistant Referee causes controversy every week in the Premier League, but how are decisions made, and are they correct?

    After each weekend we take a look at the major incidents, to examine and explain the process both in terms of VAR protocol and the Laws of the Game.

    How VAR decisions have affected every Prem club in 2023-24
    VAR in the Premier League: Ultimate guide

    In this week’s VAR Review: Manchester United‘s Harry Maguire escaped a red card against Fulham, but was it the correct decision? How does it compare to similar incidents, such as the challenge by Chelsea‘s Moisés Caicedo on Ryan Gravenberch or Billy Gilmour‘s dismissal for Brighton & Hove Albion? Plus, Burnley‘s disallowed goal at Crystal Palace.

    Possible red card: Maguire challenge on Lukic

    What happened: Fulham attacked on the break in the 35th minute after referee Michael Oliver had played advantage. When the move ended, Oliver went back to book Harry Maguire for a late challenge on Saka Lukic. The VAR, Rob Jones, checked for a possible red card for serious foul play.

    VAR decision: No red card.

    VAR review: This weekend saw two challenges of similar nature, neither of which resulted in a VAR intervention, and both caused their own controversy. So how does a VAR assess a challenge and what’s needed for the threshold to be crossed for a red card?

    – VAR Review: Why Liverpool’s goal was ruled out in Carabao Cup final

    Much has been made of the VAR looking for the buckle of a player’s ankle as evidence of excessive force. This has resulted in an expectation that a buckle should automatically always result in a red card. Yet it has only ever been one of many factors a VAR will take into account when judging a challenge. The others include, but are not limited to, the speed at which a player goes into the challenge, the height of contact, if it’s made with a straight leg, and whether it leads with studs showing.

    Referees get accused of inconsistency because every late tackle with contact by studs isn’t given as a red card. Yet, like every subjective decision, it’s a judgement call. Consistency can only be possible if all result in a red card, instead there’s the perceived inconsistencies produced by interpretation.

    If the contact point is low and the player is stepping into the challenge, that may produce evidence of a buckle but it’s not likely to suggest excessive force; it’s only likely to result in a yellow card at most.

    Maguire comes out of a challenge with Andreas Pereira and steps into Lukic after the ball has gone. He catches the Fulham player around the top of the boot and it’s a yellow card, but the Manchester United player isn’t lunging in or using force.

    A challenge to compare it to was Moisés Caicedo on Ryan Gravenberch in the Carabao Cup final. That’s covered in full in Sunday’s VAR Review, yet like Maguire it should be considered that Caicedo has stepped into the Liverpool player; while the challenge caused the injury it wasn’t because of the way it was made.

    There have been a number of comparable challenges this season, and none of them have led to a VAR intervention for a red card. All those decisions have been unanimously judged to be correct by the Premier League’s Independent Key Match Incidents Panel.

    Last month, Chelsea‘s Malo Gusto caught Willian around the top of the boot with a late tackle.

    A week later, Liverpool supporters felt that AFC Bournemouth‘s Justin Kluivert should have been sent off after he caught Luis Díaz. While this challenge was slightly higher, importantly Kluivert is stepping in.

    In both cases, the panel noted that «the defender is coming out of a challenge into another. He is off balance and there is no real force or intensity.» The panel will say the same about the Maguire incident.

    Low contact can still result in a red card if the challenge itself produces force, such as Rhian Brewster‘s VAR dismissal for a tackle on Emerson for Sheffield United against West Ham United. He came in fast, was off the ground and late in a way which had to endanger an opponent.

    We’ve spoken previously how Liverpool fans now have a Curtis Jones-ometer for all such challenges. The angle of the challenge is important, too, so Jones’ red card for Liverpool at Tottenham Hotspur provides a good comparison. While he’s unfortunate in how the contact on the opponent came about, with a touch on top of the ball first, his studs went into Yves Bissouma higher on the shin with an angled boot. The height and angle, coupled with the buckle, combines to provide sufficient evidence for a VAR review for endangering the safety of an opponent. Liverpool lost their appeal against this dismissal, and we should expect the VAR to intervene in challenges of this exact nature.

    Indeed, it’s similar to the red card Brighton & Hove Albion midfielder Billy Gilmour received against Everton on Saturday, a decision given on the field by referee Tony Harrington which would never be overturned.

    Even though Gilmour’s challenge didn’t have a high level of force, his contact on Amadou Onana was high above the ankle. When contact moves above the ankle and onto the leg then, as with Jones, it becomes as increasingly important as point of contact.

    Liverpool fans would argue Kluivert’s challenge on Díaz was also above the boot, yet the angle makes all the difference.

    Possible red card overturn: Brownhill DOGSO on Lerma

    What happened: Burnley‘s Josh Brownhill was sent off by referee Lewis Smith in the 35th minute. Goalkeeper James Trafford played a short pass to Brownhill just outside the D, but he was robbed by Jefferson Lerma. The Crystal Palace player was brought down before he could move forward on goal.

    VAR decision: Red card stands.

    VAR review: It’s a textbook example of a red card for denying an obvious goal-scoring opportunity (DOGSO.) Lerma had taken the ball off Brownhill and he’s dragged down when he would have had the chance to shoot.

    The player is running towards goal, there’s no covering defender able to make a challenge, and the ball is within his control. It’s similar to the dismissal of Liverpool‘s Virgil van Dijk against Newcastle United earlier this season.

    Possible penalty overturn: Vitinho challenge on França

    What happened: Crystal Palace were awarded a penalty in the 76th minute when Matheus França was brought down inside the area by Vitinho. The VAR carried out a lengthy check to see if the spot kick should stand (watch here.)

    VAR decision: Penalty, scored by Jean-Philippe Mateta.

    VAR review: This took a bit too long, but the check wasn’t about the foul by Vitinho, which the VAR, Michael Salisbury, determined fairly quickly was a correct decision.

    The question was over the position and whether the foul contact had taken inside the area. With holding, a penalty is given if it continues into the area; with a foul it’s the precise point at which a player is fouled.

    Possible offside: Assignon on Fofana goal

    What happened: Burnley scored a consolation goal in the 87th minute when David Datro Fofana headed home from just inside the six-yard box, but the VAR began a check for a possible offside.

    VAR decision: Goal disallowed.

    VAR review: We can discuss this one alongside the Wataru Endo offside for Liverpool in the Carabao Cup final, which led to Virgil van Dijk‘s goal being disallowed. Is it the VAR getting involved in a decision which can be supported in law, but feels like an unnecessary intervention?

    When Fofana plays the ball, Lorenz Assignon is in an offside position. That in itself isn’t an offence as he doesn’t touch the ball; the VAR has to consider if he’s impacted goalkeeper Sam Johnstone.

    The officials don’t have to consider that Johnstone will definitely make a save. Indeed, it’s highly unlikely he’d keep out the header from Fofana. The consideration is about impact upon the ability to challenge for the ball.

    It’s the same area of the offside law as Endo, where Assignon is «a player moving from, or standing in, an offside position is in the way of an opponent and interferes with the movement of the opponent towards the ball, this is an offside offence if it impacts on the ability of the opponent to play or challenge for the ball.»

    The VAR will take into account a few factors: that the shot comes from a short distance which means the goalkeeper has less time to react, that Assignon is stood directly in front of Johnstone inside the six-yard box, and that the ball passes an area that the Burnley player has blocked off.

    If Assignon had been a couple of yards further forward the goal would likely have counted, but his proximity to Johnstone means the VAR is always likely to get involved.

    Jakub Kiwior‘s goal for Arsenal against Newcastle United on Saturday is a good comparison. At the point Kiwior heads the ball, William Saliba is in an offside position inside the six-yard area. Yet he isn’t in front of goalkeeper Loris Karius, and the ball passes the area between the players — so Saliba wouldn’t be considered to be stopping the goalkeeper getting to the ball.

    The only question is whether Saliba was «clearly attempting to play a ball which is close when this action impacts on an opponent,» but the ball appeared to be on Karius before the Arsenal player raised his right leg.

    Possible penalty: Handball by Dawson

    What happened: In the 19th minute, Rhian Brewster had a shot on goal which was blocked by Craig Dawson. Was there a case for a penalty for handball?

    VAR decision: No penalty.

    VAR review: A quick check by the VAR, Jarred Gillett, with Dawson having his arm close to his body.

    The case for a spot kick would be whether Dawson leant into the shot to stop it with his arm, though there would also be a question of whether the ball hit low enough on the arm for it to be handball.

    Possible red card: Robinson and Souza

    What happened: In the 37th minute there was an off-the-ball altercation between two Sheffield United players, Jack Robinson and Vinicius Souza. The VAR checked for a possible red card for violent conduct by both players.

    VAR decision: No red cards.

    VAR review: Shades of Kieron Dyer and Lee Bowyer, the Newcastle teammates who were sent off after coming to blows in a Premier League game against Aston Villa in 2005.

    The VAR looked for evidence of violent conduct, and while Robinson and Souza went head to head there was no movement by either player, and the pushing that followed was to the upper body.

    Possible penalty: Handball by Souza

    What happened: In the 56th minute, João Gomes tried to flick the ball on inside the area and it hit the arm of Souza. Referee Darren Bond wasn’t interested in a penalty, and it was checked by the VAR.

    VAR decision: No penalty.

    VAR review: Souza had his arm outstretched away from his body, so why wasn’t this a penalty kick even with a brush off the chest? The VAR determined that the ball was played against the Sheffield United player from close range and he had no time to react.

    Yet we have seen similar arm positions lead to a spot kick through a VAR intervention, most notably against Arsenal’s William Saliba vs. Chelsea.

    The VAR will take into account that the ball is travelling towards goal, especially if it’s a shot, and also if the defending player would expect the ball to come towards them from the direction of play.

    These subjective considerations for handball can only lead to confusion and perceived inconsistencies.

    Some parts of this article include information provided by the Premier League and PGMOL.

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    Middle East conflict live updates: Palestinian prime minister, cabinet offer to resign in step toward post-Gaza war overhaul


    Palestinian Authority Prime Minister Mohammad Shtayyeh offered the resignation of his government on Monday, opening the door for a new technocratic government under President Mahmoud Abbas. The United States and Arab allies have been seeking to revitalize the governing body with the hope it can take on a role in Gaza following the war.

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    Prince Harry is risking everything he’s ‘broken bonds over’ with US citizenship

    Experts break silence on whether Prince Harry stands a chance at getting his American citizenship

    Prince Harry chances at becoming a US citizen have just been referenced by experts.

    For those unversed, this news has come to light considering the fact that US immigration policy dictates “any applicant who has any titles of heredity or positions of nobility in any foreign state must renounce the title or the position.”

    Even Ms Ingrid Seward doubled down on everything and said, “He would have to renounce his royal titles if he were to become an American citizen.”

    Read More: Prince Harrys true feelings about King Charles abdication laid bare

    A conversation surrounding the topic arose during Prince Harry’s interview with Will Reeve, the son of Christopher Reeves.

    He asked the Duke, “Do you feel American?”

    This prompted Prince Harry to say, “Do I feel American? No… I don’t know how I feel.”

    However, “I have considered it but I have no idea. I’m here standing next to these guys. The American citizenship is a thought that has crossed my mind, but certainly not something that is a priority for me right now.”

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    Philadelphia suspect arrested after striking victim with hatchet near SEPTA station: police

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    A Philadelphia man who allegedly struck another man with a hatchet multiple times near a SEPTA station early Sunday has been arrested, authorities said.

    The attack happened around 1:18 a.m. in the SEPTA concourse under 8th and Market Streets near the Broad-Ridge Spur of the subway, the Philadelphia Police Department said.

    The victim survived the attack and told responding officers that a man hit him in the head with a hatchet six times and kicked him in the face four times before fleeing, FOX29 Philadelphia reported.

    Officers later spotted a man who matched the victim’s description of the suspect and took him into custody. 


    Kenneth Rogers, 28, also has an active warrant in Philadelphia for a separate attempted murder that occurred last year, according to reports. (Philadelphia Police Department)

    Police said the suspect did not have a hatchet in his possession and no weapon was recovered at the scene, WPVI-TV reported.

    The suspect was identified as 28-year-old Kenneth Rogers, who reports say has an active warrant in Philadelphia for attempted murder last year.


    Train in station

    The alleged hatchet attack happened around 1:18 a.m. Sunday in the SEPTA concourse under 8th and Market Streets near the Broad-Ridge Spur of the subway, police said. (Getty Images)

    The victim was being treated at a hospital for lacerations to the back of his head and bruising to his face. His current condition was unclear.

    As of Feb. 18, a reported 634 aggravated assaults citywide have been reported year-to-date compared to 636 reported during the same period last year, according to public police data.


    Authorities said the investigation is ongoing and urged anyone with information about the incident to contact the police department.

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    Prediction: Wolves vs Brighton – Soccer News

    Verdict: Wolves to qualify 

    Best Odds: 19/20

    Bookmaker: Luckster

    In an all-Premier League FA Cup showdown on Wednesday night, Wolves will welcome Brighton to Molineux.


    Starting with the hosts, while Wolves might have opened the 2023/24 campaign dealing with some real financial issues behind the scenes at Molineux, Gary O’Neil’s side have continued on a real domestic romp this season. Receiving a string of plaudits from across England’s elite, they have skyrocketed their way into the top-half of the table and the mood in their camp appears to be at a red-hot high. Picking up a gritty 1-0 victory against relegation scrappers Sheffield United over the weekend, the former Bournemouth boss has seen his squad win three of their previous four top-flight appearances. Extending on their FA Cup adventure on January 28th thanks to a fiery 2-0 win away at bitter local rivals West From, O’Neil’s men have suffered just a pair of defeats from any of their previous 12 showdowns across all formats.

    Team News

    While attacking talisman Matheus Cunha might be inching towards a return from a recent thigh injury, the former Atletico Madrid striker is not expected to feature here. Although South Korea international Hee-Chan Hwang might have featured against Sheffield United over the weekend, the 28-year-old could be handed a rest on Wednesday night.

    Despite continued speculation over his long-term future at Molineux, Pedro Neto will have a leading role to play in midweek. With O’Neil potentially looking to make a handful of changes here, the likes of Matt Doherty and Jean-Ricner Bellegarde will be hoping for a recall.


    As for the visitors, while Brighton might have snatched a last-gasp 1-1 stalemate against Everton over the weekend, Roberto De Zerbi’s men have largely struggled with their consistency this season. Signing off January with an infamous 4-0 drumming at the hands of Luton, the Seagulls have failed to collect back-to-back victories across any competition since the end of November. However, getting their Europa League knockout stage adventure underway next month, the former Sassuolo boss is still dreaming of the chance to punch another top-seven finish in 2024. Although Brighton might have been forced to settle for a 0-0 stalemate when they met Wolves in Premier League action on January 22nd, they do hold a rampant record against Wednesday’s hosts. in fact, De Zerbi’s men have collected 13 points from their previous five top-flight showdowns against Wolves – a run that stems back to December 2021.

    Team News

    Shown a straight red card against Everton over the weekend, Brighton will be without the suspended Billy Gilmour on Wednesday night. Likewise, all still dealing with respective injury issues, the Seagulls will once again be without the likes of Joao Pedro, Solly March, James Milner and Japan international Kaoru Mitoma.

    However returning from a long-term knee injury over the weekend and making a cameo appearance at the Amex, 20-year-old Julio Enciso could make a first start since opening the New Year. Likewise, Barcelona loanee Ansu Fati should be handed a full recall in the Midlands.

    Key Factors to Consider

    • When Wolves and Brighton last met on January 22nd, Wednesday’s opponents played out a 0-0 stalemate.
    • The Seagulls have collected 13 points from their last five Premier League meetings against Wolves.
    • Likewise, Brighton have won all of their previous three trips to Molineux by an aggregate score of 10-3.
    • However, Wolves have lost just a pair of their previous 12 domestic appearances across all competitions.
    • Brighton have failed to register consecutive victories across any competition since the end of November.


    While Brighton might hold a rampant record against Wednesday’s hosts, the Seagulls should be bracing themselves for a tricky test when they travel to Molineux. With Wolves in the midst of what has been a stellar domestic romp, O’Neil’s men have skyrocketed their way into the top-half of the Premier League table and the mood in their camp appears to be at a red-hot high. Losing just a pair of their previous 12 showdowns across all competitions, we are backing Wolves to extend on their FA Cup adventure.

    Verdict: Wolves to qualify 

    Best Odds: 19/20

    Bookmaker: Luckster

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    Saudi club preparing offer to sign best Tottenham player

    Saudi Pro League clubs are reportedly gearing up for another wave of major signings this summer, and Tottenham star Son Heung-min is one of the big names on their radar.

    According to journalist Rudy Galetti, Son is being targeted by an unnamed Saudi side, along with other Premier League stars like Kevin De Bruyne and Mohamed Salah, while Real Madrid veteran midfielder Luka Modric is also one of their priorities.

    Son has been a hugely important player for Spurs, so fans will surely be hoping he doesn’t leave the club this summer, as he looks like he should still have plenty to offer to Ange Postecoglou’s side for the long term.

    Tottenham were dealt the blow of losing top scorer Harry Kane last summer, so for Son to be the next big name to move on would be very difficult for the north London giants to deal with.

    Could Son leave for Saudi Arabia?

    Son previously rejected Saudi transfer

    It’s worth noting, however, that Son was also wanted by clubs in Saudi Arabia last summer, and at the time he turned them down.

    Various reports claimed Son was approached over a move, but the South Korea international himself confirmed that he was happy with life at Tottenham and keen to stay in the Premier League.

    “If I wanted to go there, I would not be here!” Son said during a press conference whilst on pre-season duties with Tottenham.

    “I love playing football. Obviously money is also important but I dream for playing (in the) Premier League.

    “Most people are going (to Saudi Arabia) at the moment which is really, really interesting, but the Premier League is still a dream for me to play for it, so I’m looking forward to this season.”

    We’ll have to wait and see if Son has changed his mind since then, but these old quotes might offer some reassurance to THFC fans.

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    Monday’s analyst calls: Cloud stock to rally nearly 30%, Covid vaccine maker gets downgrade

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    Your Inhalers and EpiPens Aren’t Very Healthy for the Environment

    Single-use insulin pens changed Brian Brandell’s life.

    Growing up with Type 1 diabetes in the 1970s, he had to carry glass syringes and vials of insulin wherever he went. So in 1985, when Novo Nordisk debuted a disposable prefilled pen that combined several doses of medication with a syringe, Mr. Brandell readily adopted the new device.

    “They were a godsend,” he recalled.

    But more recently, he began weighing the effects of all the plastic in the pens he had thrown away over the years, and the potential harm to people and his surroundings.

    “I’m using this lifesaving product,” he said with frustration, “but in order for me to use it, I’ve got to be willing to damage the environment.”

    It’s no secret that the world has a plastic problem. The versatile, durable and cheap material is clogging the world’s oceans, leaching toxins into its biomes and contributing to climate change. Some countries have been drafting a treaty proposal that might ban select single-use products and set goals for reducing plastics production worldwide. But negotiations have snagged over opposition from the fossil fuel and chemical industries.

    Worldwide, the health care industry produced used more than 24 billion pounds of plastic in 2023, and is forecast to generate 38 billion pounds annually by 2028, according to BCC Research, a global market research firm.

    Typically manufactured from fossil fuels, plastic is also a major source of greenhouse gas emissions. In the United States, the health sector accounts for eight percent of the country’s carbon footprint.

    Medical device companies say they are trying to reduce the waste, whether by recovering and recycling products, decreasing the amount of plastic in devices and the packaging, or by redesigning items with materials that are not petroleum-based.

    For the average person, the most visible health care detritus are disposable apparatuses used at home, from respiratory inhalers to syringes to tampon applicators to oxygen masks and tubing.

    Mitch Ratcliffe, the publisher of Earth911, a website containing a vast database of U.S. recycling facilities, said there was little hope of recycling these items right now. That’s in part due to their irregular size, safety concerns that non-sterile elements could spread disease, and because they are often composed of materials that can’t be processed together. “We have an incredibly complex economy full of intricately designed stuff. We just never thought about taking it apart again.”

    Few devices are more ubiquitous than insulin pens. About a third of the 37 million Americans with diabetes manage the disease with insulin, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

    Novo Nordisk alone manufactured 750 million insulin pens in 2021, made of more than 28 million pounds of plastic. The pens include a glass vial in a plastic frame, and are not designed to be disassembled into parts for the purpose of recycling. Nearly all are believed to end up in the household trash.

    Mr. Brandell, of Oregon City, has been trying to do something about the discarded devices. A biomedical engineer, he spent his career developing pacemakers, defibrillators and catheters. Semi-retired in 2021, he worked with a partner to design a hand-held gadget that neatly cuts the insulin pens so that they can be taken apart. It also works on the plastic dispensers for Ozempic, the diabetes drug that millions of people are now taking for weight loss.

    But Mr. Brandell conceded that dismantling the pens was just the first step. The plastic in the pens is high quality, but not a type easily processed by municipal recycling sites. It would probably get bundled with other plastics and could still wind up in a landfill or incinerator.

    He is also exploring whether his gadget, also made of plastic, can be manufactured with bamboo or another sustainable material. “It’s pretty hard to sell somebody on the idea that I want you to buy this plastic device so you can save some plastic,” he said.

    Global biomedical giants are facing increasing public pressure to change the life cycle of their products. Novo Nordisk has said that it planned to redesign its products to meet a goal of net zero emissions by 2045.

    That’s a shift from the company’s history, when disposability was a desirable convenience. “Nobody thought about designing it for circularity, or thinking about the material that we should use, or limiting the thickness of the plastic,” said Katrine DiBona, a company vice president.

    In 2020 the company started a program in three Danish cities to recycle used insulin pens. It provided pharmacists with collection bags to give to patients picking up prescriptions, who could then return the used devices on the next visit. Then a third-party recycling company collected the pens for disassembly, sterilization and processing.

    Novo Nordisk has since expanded the program nationwide and opened it up to its competitors, and begun pilot efforts in the United Kingdom, France and Brazil. But public behavior is difficult to alter. By the end of 2023, only 21 percent of the company’s pen users in Denmark had returned devices.

    GSK, which sells more than 200 million respiratory inhalers a year, ran into similar problems with a take-back scheme for the devices in the United Kingdom from 2011 to 2020. The inhalers’ plastic components are recyclable by most curbside collection programs, but the aluminum canisters containing the medication are not. So the company collected used devices at pharmacies, recycled the components that it could, and incinerated the rest.

    The program never generated much interest from consumers, however. Over nine years, only 24,000 pounds of plastic were recovered from the inhalers, which Claire Lund, the company’s vice president for sustainability, called “absolutely minuscule” in comparison to the roughly 5 million pounds of plastic needed to produce the inhalers each year.

    Of more concern to environmentalists is the propellant in many inhalers, typically a fluorinated gas that is a more powerful driver of global warming than carbon dioxide. In 2021, GSK began developing a substitute, which Ms. Lund suggested could significantly reduce carbon emissions.

    But the company is still running tests on the new formulation, and anticipates that it will take years to obtain approval of the replacement in the 140 markets where the existing ones are sold.

    Ms. Lund said the company had toyed with creating a reusable product. “It’s been on the table so many times and then kicked back,” she said.

    In contrast to Novo Nordisk’s boutique focus on recovering material from a specific product, the U.S. waste management company Triumvirate Environmental is seeking commercial applications for repurposed medical waste.

    In 2014, the company purchased machinery from a plastic lumber business and grafted it onto the back of a medical waste plant in Jeannette, Pa., with the idea of converting some refuse into useful products.

    John McQuillan, the company’s chief executive, said that the plant, after $70 million in investment, was receiving waste from hospitals and pharmaceutical companies — “some of the most disgusting stuff on the face of the planet” — and processing it through a complex set of machines.

    Much of the waste is still incinerated, but items composed of useful plastics, including containers stuffed with syringes and surgical tools wrapped in packaging, are identified, shredded and converted into building materials.

    “It’s like a smelly Willy Wonka,” he said.

    The process is six to eight times costlier than bulldozing the waste into a hole in the ground, Mr. McQuillan estimated, although Triumvirate recoups some costs from the sale of the final products.

    There is no lack of interest from health care companies, which provide far more plastic waste than the Triumvirate plant can process. The rate-limiting factor, instead, is demand for the structural plastic lumber they produce, which is utilitarian and has to compete with alternatives made from cheap plastics. “It comes in whatever color you want, so long as it’s black, and so long as your definition of black is pretty liberal,” Mr. McQuillan said.

    Still, in 2022 Triumvirate sold 12 million pounds of the stuff, including to Menards and Home Depot, which market it for landscaping and as underlay for turf fields.

    Like most recycling, the process is energy intensive. The plant mainly receives plastic waste from customers in the northeastern United States, because the materials tend to be loosely packed, so they are expensive to transport long distances.

    Scientists point out that this expenditure of energy nearly eliminates the environmental benefits. Recycling a product typically recovers less than 10 percent of its carbon footprint, according to Dr. Andrea MacNeill, founder of the Planetary Healthcare Lab at the University of British Columbia, because most of a product’s environmental impact occurs during its manufacture. “We’re never going to recycle our way to a healthy planet,” she said.

    It was far more important that manufacturers design products capable of years of reuse, she said, adding that this would require transforming their business models, too. “Right now, their profit margin depends on high-volume consumption.”

    The next advances in sustainable medical device design might occur in the stocky brick and glass headquarters of Battelle, a nonprofit research and development institute in Columbus, Ohio. Although the organization mainly handles yearslong projects for the U.S. military and the Department of Energy, hundreds of staff members work with name-brand medical companies to redesign their products.

    The medical devices team dominates an entire floor of one building. Some scientists there are trying to turn soybeans into usable plastics that could be substituted for traditional petroleum-based ones. Others are using large stainless-steel reactors to study how the substances degrade.

    Erik Edwards, one of Battelle’s principal materials scientists, said that the Food and Drug Administration’s review process for new devices has led the team to tweak existing products rather than propose wholesale changes. For example, they are helping a drug company redesign an insulin device to remove a single disposable plastic part. “The approach that you take is more of a thousand small steps,” he said.

    Improving packaging could be low-hanging fruit, he said. Several years ago, the lab received an order of palm-size medical devices, and they arrived in several pallets worth of boxes. “There was all this shipping of air that had been done just because the packaging took up more room than it needed to,” he recalled.

    Mr. Edwards said Battelle’s clients generally prefer changes that reduce costs or improve performance, but sustainability was becoming more of a factor.

    Grace Lillie, a mechanical engineer, compared the evolution to changes in the ways milk was sold over time. People once retrieved glass bottles from their doorstep and returned empty ones for reuse, but the introduction of disposable plastic jugs eliminated the profession of the milkman. Reducing reliance on plastic may mean resurrecting some processes and roles.

    “You want people to do something different, but then you have to rely on the culture to adjust,” she said.

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    Legendary Ghazal singer Pankaj Udhas succumbs to cancer at 72 | – Times of India


    Legendary Ghazal singer Pankaj Udhas has passed away due to cancer. His death was confirmed by his daughter, Nayaab Udhas. The family said, «With a very heavy heart, we are saddened to inform you of the sad demise of Padmashri Pankaj Udhas on February 26, 2024, due to a prolonged illness.»
    Udhas was suffering from cancer, and was undergoing treatment at a private hospital for some time now, news agency IANS reported.As per reports, he was undergoing treatment at Mumbai’s Breach Candy Hospital.

    Cancer is a complex and devastating disease characterized by the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells in the body. It is increasingly seen among older people. It can affect virtually any part of the body and may manifest in various forms, each with its unique characteristics and challenges. Cancer arises from genetic mutations or environmental factors that disrupt the normal regulation of cell growth and division, leading to the formation of tumors or the invasion of nearby tissues and organs. While certain risk factors, such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet, and exposure to carcinogens, increase the likelihood of developing cancer, the disease can also occur spontaneously or due to genetic predisposition.
    Cancer among older adults presents unique challenges due to age-related factors such as weakened immune function and increased susceptibility to chronic diseases. Older individuals may also have multiple comorbidities, complicating cancer treatment and management.
    Treatment options vary depending on the type and stage of cancer but often include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, or a combination of these approaches. Despite advances in cancer research and treatment, the disease remains a leading cause of death worldwide.

    Eligibility criteria for having a heart transplant and how to prepare?

    Early detection through screening and prompt intervention can improve outcomes and increase the likelihood of successful treatment. Additionally, lifestyle modifications such as maintaining a healthy diet, regular exercise, avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption, and protecting against harmful UV radiation can help reduce the risk of developing cancer. Continued investment in research, prevention efforts, and access to quality healthcare is essential to combating cancer and improving outcomes for affected individuals.
    He was actively working for Thalassemia patients, a genetic blood disorder characterized by abnormal hemoglobin production, leading to anemia and other complications.
    Pankaj Udhas was born on 17 May 1951 at Jetpur, Saurashtra, Gujarat. He rose to fame with the «Chitthi Aayee Hai» song which loosely translates to «the letter has arrived».
    In 2006, he was awarded Padma Shri, the country’s fourth highest civilian award.

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    Video: Sele­na Gomez drops details on Wizards of Waverly Place’s revival

    In a re­cent Jimmy Kimmel talk show appearance­, Sele­na Gomez tantalizes he­r fans with an update on the Wizard of Waverly Place­ reboot

    Sele­na Gomez excited about Wizards of Waverly Place’s revival

    The Only Murders in The Building, actress Selena Gomez recently opened up about reviving the Disney Channel sitcom Wizards of Waverly Place.

    During Jimmy Kimmel Live, the actress appeared to promote her new single Love On where the host asked about the ‘reboot’ of the hit series, to which Selena initially corrected, “It’s not a reboot, it’s going to be different version”, then shared that, “it’s going to be really fun”.

    She also admitted that she’s ‘excited’ to revive her role as Alex Russo in the pilot episode of the upcoming series.

    For those unversed, the renewal of the fantasy series was announced back in January when David Henrie posted a picture of the show’s script on Instagram and shared, “The Russo’s are excited to become a part of your family, once again, but we’ve grown.”

    “2024, the year magic comes back!”, he wrote in the caption.

    The original Fantasy series which aired from 2007 to 2012 featured three children of the Russo family (David Henrie, Selena Gomez and Jake T. Austin) as they grow up balancing their magical abilities. The new series will follow the story of (David Henrie) Justin Russo’s children

    According to the reunion picture shared by David Henrie on Instagram, his on-screen parents David DeLuise and Maria Canals Barrera seemed to reprise their roles as Jerry Russo and Theresa, respectively.

    But while Jake T. Austin was not in the reunion photo, he reposted David’s post on his Instagram story and captioned, “Wow! Am looking forward to getting together with my Wizards family.”, confirming his comeback in the beloved series.   

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